The Colosseum stands as a testament to the architecture skills the Romans possessed. The first fight to ever take place in the Colosseum was in A.D. 82 and sparked traditions of battles of man and beast to take place where spectators could watch in awe. Crowds during these events often reached 50,000. Outside the Colosseum visitors can take pictures under the Arch of Constantine. This was built in 315 to immortalize the victory Constantine held of Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius. To avoid a long wait it is advised to order tickets in advance as tickets are good for two days in a row.
The Roman Forum is the next place to visit. It once was the center for city life. Festivals, celebrations as well as funerals and rituals took place in the Roman Forum. The forum however lost its appeal and fell to ruin during the 8th century. However, it was excavated during the early 20th century. Visitors can now visit this landmark on a self-guided tour or as part of a tourist group.
Pantheon is another top destination in Rome to visit. It served as a temple to Rome’s gods and to this day still remains intact. It was constructed during 27 B.C. and was rebuilt after taking damage from a fire in the early 2nd century A.D. After Rome Italy abandoned worshipping pagan gods a Christian altar was added to Pantheon. The Pantheon’s architecture stood as an inspiration for architecture all over the world.
Despite being located in Rome, the Vatican City has been its own independent state since 1929 and even has its own flag, stamps and coins. The Swiss Guard serves as its militia and serves to protect the state along with the Pope and the 800 citizens and residents that are visiting. Tourists that are appropriately dressed are permitted to enter St. Peter’s Basilica and view Michelangelo’s Pieta. This piece is both beautiful and sad in stature. The Vatican Museums are home to Italian works of art which include the Sistine Chapel ceiling painting painted by Michelangelo.
In Rome, the Piazza Navona is one of the Roman squares that has restaurants and open-air cafes for dining. This square once served as a host of sporting events at Domitian’s stadium in A.D. 89. There are also 3 fountains along with 4 statues that represent a river from differing continents. The largest fountain is the Bernini’s Fountain of the Four Rivers.
The Trevi Fountain has the lore that throwing 3 coins into the fountain will help wishers with benefits like finding love. There is also the Baroque piece which displays the god Neptune riding on his shell-shaped chariot that is led by seahorses. The money that is thrown into the fountain each day is collected to help feed the poor in the city. Nearly $3,500 is collected daily.
These are just a few of the sites that Rome has to offer tourists.