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Hawaiian Islands

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hawaiian islandsHawaii Islands are a group of islands located in North Pacific Ocean. On 21 August 1959 it became 50thand last member of the USA, and it is the only state which entirely consists of islands. It has its own time zone UTC-10, and it doesn’t use daylight saving time (as well as Arizona). On total land area of 6,423.4 square miles, Hawaii counts 137 islands in the Hawaiian chain, including all minor islands, islets offshore of the main islands and individual islets in each atoll. Previously, the group was known as “Sandwich Islands” (1778). James Cook chose that name in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. Later, in 1840s, the name “Hawaii” is derived from the name of the main island. Honolulu is the capital of Hawaii, located in island Oahu and it is the southernmost big city in the USA. Eight so-called main islands are located on the southeast part of archipelago: Hawai’i (nickname: The Big Island), Maui (The Valley Isle), O’ahu (The Gathering Place), Kaua’I (The Garden Isle), Moloka’I (The Friendly Isle), L?na’I (The Pineapple Isle), Ni’ihau (The Forbidden Isle) and only one uninhabitedKaho’olawe (The Target Isle). After Honolulu, the largest cities are Pearl City (Manana), Hilo, Kailua, Waipahu, K?ne’ohe, Mililani Town, Kahului, ‘Ewa Gentry and K?hei. Besides beautiful and interesting white-, black-, green-, yellow- and red-sand beaches you can find in Hawaii, the world’s largest shield volcano, Mauna Loa, is located there. The other volcano, K?lauea erupts for 30 years and thanks to it, Hawaii (The Big Island) each year is getting bigger and bigger, more precisely, 170 square meters per year. Even the astronauts who were preparing for going to the Moon went near the volcano and practiced their walking there. Recently, six NASA scientists spent several months on the north side of the volcano simulating survival on Mars. Hawaii is only American state where coffee, cocoa and vanilla are cultivated. There are no seagulls in Hawaii. hawaiian islandsFairy terns are sea birds and they are similar to seagulls, which place their eggs directly to the tree branch, without creating nest. Billboards are forbidden in Hawaii, as well as snakes, except ones in zoo. Hawaiian people live longer than any other people in the USA; lifespan in Hawaii is 81,3 years, although people of Hawaii eat more meat for breakfast than other citizens of the America. According to 2010 census population, there are 38,6% Asian-Americans, 23,6% multiracial Americans, and 24,7% Caucasians. Regardless of origin, most families celebrate their child’s birthday with the party known as Luau. And where is party, there must be Lei, garland whose wearing rules are very strict. It is considered impolite if you refuse wearing it and you shouldn’t take it off in front of the person who gave it to you. Also, if you want to give it to someone, you shouldn’t wear it previously. Lei shouldn’t be thrown away. It should be instead given back to the Earth, and ideal spot is the same place where flowers are picked. Having learned all these facts, you are ready to see the magical Hawaii. Remember, accept Luau and enjoy. Aloha!

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